Attributes of Personality Disorders
There are four core attributes common to all personality disorders. To qualify, a person must demonstrate significant and enduring difficulties in at least two of those areas which are as follows:
Distorted thinking patterns,
Problematic emotional responses,
Over or under regulated impulse control,
The personality disorders are grouped into clusters of very similar behavioural traits with some differences. All the cluster b disorders have very strong narcissistic traits and can often be confused with each other. All the cluster b’s will have a similar effect on their children.
Cluster A - 'odd, eccentric'
suspicious, hypersensitive, jealous, hostile
emotional coldness, indifference, loners, lack of emotional range
socially isolated, reserved, distant, perceptual and cognitive distortions and/or eccentric behavior, odd beliefs, e.g., they may believe they can read other people’s thoughts, or that that their own thoughts have been stolen from their heads.
Cluster B - 'dramatic, emotional, erratic'
grandiose, poor response to criticism, manipulative, exploitative, arrogant, entitled, lack of empathy, idealising/devaluing
irresponsible, often participates in criminal activities, aggressive, reckless, lies, impulsivity, capable of tormenting/hurting animals and people, deceitful, manipulative
idealises/devalues, impulsive, angry, self-destructive behaviour, chronic emptiness/boredom, black and white thinking, unstable sense of self
dramatic, vain, dependent, uncomfortable unless they are the centre of attention, flirtatious, seductive, flighty, fickle, uncomfortable when alone
Cluster C - 'anxious, fearful'
sensitive to rejection and criticism, shy, socially withdrawn, low self-esteem, desires acceptance/affection
lacking in confidence, puts other’s need before their own, dependent on others, wants to be taken care of, do not stand up for themselves
perfectionistic, stubborn, indecisive, obsessed with rules and orderliness, rigid, inflexible