The Ten Personality Disorders

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Attributes of Personality Disorders

There are four core attributes common to all personality disorders. To qualify, a person must demonstrate significant and enduring difficulties in at least two of those areas which are as follows:

Distorted thinking patterns,
Problematic emotional responses,
Over or under regulated impulse control,
Interpersonal difficulties.

The personality disorders are grouped into clusters of very similar behavioural traits with some differences. All the cluster b disorders have very strong narcissistic traits and can often be confused with each other. All the cluster b’s will have a similar effect on their children.

Cluster A - 'odd, eccentric'

Paranoid

suspicious, hypersensitive, jealous, hostile

Schizoid

emotional coldness, indifference, loners, lack of emotional range

Schizotypal

socially isolated, reserved, distant, perceptual and cognitive distortions and/or eccentric behavior, odd beliefs, e.g., they may believe they can read other people’s thoughts, or that that their own thoughts have been stolen from their heads.

Cluster B - 'dramatic, emotional, erratic'

Narcissistic

grandiose, poor response to criticism, manipulative, exploitative, arrogant, entitled, lack of empathy, idealising/devaluing

Antisocial

irresponsible, often participates in criminal activities, aggressive, reckless, lies, impulsivity, capable of tormenting/hurting animals and people, deceitful, manipulative

Borderline

idealises/devalues, impulsive, angry, self-destructive behaviour, chronic emptiness/boredom, black and white thinking, unstable sense of self

Histrionic

dramatic, vain, dependent, uncomfortable unless they are the centre of attention, flirtatious, seductive, flighty, fickle, uncomfortable when alone

Cluster C - 'anxious, fearful'

Avoidant

sensitive to rejection and criticism, shy, socially withdrawn, low self-esteem, desires acceptance/affection

Dependent

lacking in confidence, puts other’s need before their own, dependent on others, wants to be taken care of, do not stand up for themselves

Obsessive-compulsive

perfectionistic, stubborn, indecisive, obsessed with rules and orderliness, rigid, inflexible

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Sarah Graham

Sarah Graham

I am a Counsellor, based in Bournemouth in the UK, with specialist knowledge of Narcissistic Personality Disorder. I am trained in treating Complex Trauma. I work online and am insured to work in most places in the world.

Link to my Counselling Website Here

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